The Shama Thrush
is considered by
many to have the
most beautiful melodious song.
Description A slim build weighing 1-1.2 ounces the Shama Thrush grows from 9 to 11 inches in length. They have a long tail and feathers graduated in length. The male is a shiny black color with a brown belly, white feathers on
the rump and the outer most part of the tail. Females are usually
smaller than the males and have more grayish brown coloration with
a light colored belly. They both have a black bill and pink legs.
Juveniles have a shorter tail and a more grayish or brownish coloration.
breeding season the female bird builds a nest of leaves, roots, stems
ferns. There are normally two clutches of eggs that are laid per
season. Each clutch contains 3-5 light aqua colored eggs with reddish brown spots that are incubated by the adult birds for 12-15 days before they hatch. Newly hatched chicks are blind and featherless. After six days
their eyes open and after 11 days their feathers are fully developed.
Also during the first eight days the young will double in weight each day. The baby birds will leave its parents after 12-13 days
from hatching. A three to four month old Shama Thrush will mate and
the lifecycle will continue.
Habitat Introduced to Hawaii in about 1940 it mostly lives in lowland
forests and woods. Nesting in holes, cracks and in bamboo they
also nest near the ground or in low trees. The Thrush tends to live
around moist areas or in wet environments.
Diet Varies on habitat the diet contains primarily fruit and
insects, such as grasshoppers, caterpillars, termites, and grubs.
The juveniles are fed earthworms and other insects. Newly hatched
chicks are fed their food by their parents.
Communication A timid bird that mostly comes out in the morning
and evening, perching on limbs and singing a melodious song, which is uniquely
recognized. It mostly chirps softly and whistles. The male can mimic
other birds and human sounds easily.