Shama Thrush * Copsychus malabaricus

The Shama Thrush
has an excellent ability to mimic sounds.


The Shama Thrush
is considered by
many to have
most beautiful melodious song.



Description A slim build weighing 1-1.2 ounces the Shama Thrush grows from 9 to 11 inches in length. They have a long tail and feathers graduated in length. The male is a shiny black color with a brown belly, white feathers on the rump and the outer most part of the tail. Females are usually smaller than the males and have more grayish brown coloration with a light colored belly. They both have a black bill and pink legs. Juveniles have a shorter tail and a more grayish or brownish coloration.

Lifecycle Each breeding season the female bird builds a nest of leaves, roots, stems and ferns. There are normally two clutches of eggs that are laid per season. Each clutch contains 3-5 light aqua colored eggs with reddish brown spots that are incubated by the adult birds for 12-15 days before they hatch. Newly hatched chicks are blind and featherless. After six days their eyes open and after 11 days their feathers are fully developed. Also during the first eight days the young will double in weight each day. The baby birds will leave its parents after 12-13 days from hatching. A three to four month old Shama Thrush will mate and the lifecycle will continue.

Habitat Introduced to Hawaii in about 1940 it mostly lives in lowland forests and woods. Nesting in holes, cracks and in bamboo they also nest near the ground or in low trees. The Thrush tends to live around moist areas or in wet environments.

Diet Varies on habitat the diet contains primarily fruit and insects, such as grasshoppers, caterpillars, termites, and grubs. The juveniles are fed earthworms and other insects. Newly hatched chicks are fed their food by their parents.

Communication A timid bird that mostly comes out in the morning and evening, perching on limbs and singing a melodious song, which is uniquely recognized. It mostly chirps softly and whistles. The male can mimic other birds and human sounds easily.